Definition of Gum Disease: Gum disease is an inflammation of the gum line that can progress to affect the bone that surrounds and supports your teeth. The three stages of gum disease from least to most severe are gingivitis, periodontitis and advanced periodontitis.
Signs and Symptoms:
Gum disease can be painless, so it is important to be aware of any of the following symptoms:
- Swollen, red, tender or bleeding gums
- Gums that recede or move away from the tooth
- Persistent bad breath or bad taste in the mouth
- Visible pus surrounding the teeth and gums
- Root planing and scaling are one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease before it becomes severe. Root planing and scaling clean the gums and the teeth down to the roots. Your dentist may need to use a local anesthetic to numb your gums and the root of your teeth.